Oritavancin Use in Patients with Recurrent Bone Infections by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Role of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring - European Medical Journal

Oritavancin Use in Patients with Recurrent Bone Infections by Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Role of Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

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*Marco Bongiovanni,1 Paul Thoueille,2 Beatrice Barda,1 Thomas Mercier,2 Marzolini Catia,2,3 Eva Choong,2 Marco Cantu,4 Laurent A. Decosterd1,5,6
  • 1. Division of Infectious Diseases, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Lugano, Switzerland
  • 2. Service and Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacology,Lausanne University Hospital, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 3. Division of Infectious Diseases, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Lugano, Switzerland
  • 4. Istituto di Medicina di Laboratorio EOLAB Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Bellinzona, Switzerland
  • 5. University of Geneva, Switzerland
  • 6. University of Southern Switzerland, Lugano, Switzerland
*Correspondence to [email protected]

The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

EMJ Microbiol Infect Dis. ;5[1]:30-31. https://doi.org/10.33590/emjmicrobiolinfectdis/EBCU9574.
Bone infections, long-acting, oritavancin, osteomyelitis.

Each article is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 License.


Oritavancin is a novel long-acting lipoglycopeptide that is active against gram-positive micro-organisms, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and enterococci.1 The pivotal clinical trials SOLO I and SOLO II demonstrated non-inferiority of oritavancin compared to vancomycin for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections.2,3 Due to its favourable pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic properties and safety profile, oritavancin is considered a possible option for beyond-the-label infections that need longer treatments, such as osteomyelitis.4 Its use in the context of recurrent bone infections by MRSA not responding to conventional antibiotics has not yet been evaluated, nor the potential benefit of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM).


An 84-year-old male with MRSA spondylodiscitis (L4) was treated with surgical drainage and vancomycin, which was subsequently replaced by daptomycin (8 mg/kg) due to kidney failure. Daptomycin was administered for 6 weeks, but 1 week after stopping, the patient was hospitalised again for septic shock due to MRSA. MRI showed a progression of the abscess with L5 involvement. Despite surgical drainage and targeted antibiotic treatment, the fever persisted for more than 2 weeks, which prompted the switch to oritavancin, administered at a dose of 1,200 mg every 10 days, four times (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] for oritavancin: 0.125 mg/L ). Researchers followed the patient for 10 months and MRI showed a complete regression of spondylodiscitis. The trough plasma concentrations (Cmin) of oritavancin measured 1 hour prior to each administration were 2.2, 1.9, and 2.3 mg/L.


A 61-year-old male with osteomyelitis due to diabetic foot involving the right III, IV, and V metatarsal bones was repeatedly hospitalised for MRSA sepsis. The first episode was treated with vancomycin for 4 weeks; the second, which occurred 2 weeks later, was treated with daptomycin (8 mg/kg) for 4 additional weeks. One month later, the patient presented a third septic episode and refused the proposed amputation. Therefore, oritavancin at a dose of 1,200 mg every 10 days was initiated (MIC for oritavancin: 0.060 mg/L), and administered five times. Six months after oritavancin discontinuation, the MRI showed complete regression of the osteomyelitis. The Cmin values of oritavancin measured 1 hour prior to each administration were 2.1, 2.5, 3.3, and 4.4 mg/L.


Despite the high rate of clinical success and the bactericidal activity in vitro of oritavancin, definitive recommendations on optimal dose, number of doses, and dosing interval for the treatment of osteomyelitis are lacking.5 The strains isolated from the patients had different MICs; nevertheless, the team used the same loading dose and the same dosing interval, but different maintenance doses. Patient 2 had a lower MIC value, a renal impairment, and a progressive increase of Cmin levels; however, the team decided to administer 1,200 mg for loading and maintenance doses to minimise the risk of amputation, considering the absence of toxicity. TDM was useful to ensure that oritavancin concentrations were maintained above the MIC after correction for protein binding. However, larger studies are warranted to determine the optimal area under the curve/MIC target for the treatment of bone infections. In conclusion, oritavancin represents a valid therapeutic option for MRSA osteomyelitis. TDM could be an essential tool to individualise and tailor oritavancin dose and dosing intervals in order to achieve appropriate concentration-time curve and area under the curve/MIC ratio in each patient.

McKay GA et al. Time-kill kinetics of oritavancin and comparator agents against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2009;6(3):1191-9. Corey GR et al. Single-dose oritavancin in the treatment of acute bacterial skin infections. N Engl J Med. 2014;370(23):2180-90. Corey GR et al. Single-dose oritavancin versus 7–10 days of vancomycin in the treatment of gram-positive acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections: the SOLO II noninferiority study. Clin Infect Dis. 2015;60(2):254-62. Lupia T et al. Role of oritavancin in the treatment of infective endocarditis, catheter- or device-related infections, bloodstream infections, and bone and prosthetic joint infections in humans: narrative review and possible developments. Life (Basel). 2023;13(4):959. Chastain DB, Davis A. Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis with multidose oritavancin: a case series and literature review. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2019;53(4):429-34.

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