Review: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation - European Medical Journal

Review: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

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Authors:
*Thomas Walther,1 Mani Arsalan,1 Won-Keun Kim,1,2 Helge Möllmann,2 Jörg Kempfert1
Disclosure:

No potential conflict of interest.

Received:
03.02.14
Accepted:
07.04.14
Citation:
EMJ Int Cardiol. ;1[1]:117-123. DOI/10.33590/emjintcardiol/10310858. https://doi.org/10.33590/emjintcardiol/10310858.
Keywords:
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation, aortic valve, high-risk, aortic stenosis, heart team.

Each article is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 License.

Abstract

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has evolved as a routine therapeutic option to treat elderly and high-risk patients with symptomatic aortic stenosis over recent years. Different prostheses with self-expandable nitinol frames or balloon expandable cobalt-chromium frames are available to be inserted by means of a retrograde transfemoral, retrograde transaortic, or an antegrade transapical approach. Current risks of TAVI include: malpositioning, particulate embolisation with subsequent stroke, vascular diseases, annular injury, or coronary obstruction, as well as the need for new onset pacemaker implantation; procedural complication rates for these remain at 5%. Second-generation valves, together with further technical developments, are expected to lead to easier and safer implantation techniques, translating into optimised outcomes for individual patients. The key to successful TAVI therapy is: joint pre-procedural indication, peri-procedural conduct, and post-procedural care of the patients by an experienced heart team.

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