The Multifactorial Background of Emerging Viral Infections with Neurological Manifestation - European Medical Journal
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The Multifactorial Background of Emerging Viral Infections with Neurological Manifestation

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Authors:
Timothy G. Gaulton,1 *Glen N. Gaulton2
Disclosure:

The authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

Received:
01.03.16
Accepted:
21.03.16
Citation
EMJ. ;1[2]:43-49.

Each article is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 License.

Abstract

The events of the past year have highlighted the continuing importance of emerging virus infections on the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disease. This review focusses on clarifying the effects of the multiple overlapping factors that impact emergence, including viral richness, transmission opportunity, and establishment. Case studies of the West Nile, chikungunya, and Zika viruses are utilised to illustrate the dramatic effects of expansion in the range and geographical distribution of emerging infectious disease, the acquisition of new virus vectors, and of increasing human anthropogenic factors such as global transport, climate change, and mosquito abatement programmes on the regional spread and clinical consequences of emerging infectious disease.

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