EMJ Respiratory 10 [Supplement 1] . 2022

This symposium review article features evidence, key learnings, and updates presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Congress in Barcelona, Spain. Taking place on 6th September 2022, this article details the key information shared at the symposium, including the spectrum of inflammatory pathways and heterogeneity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), current and emerging phenotypes/endotypes, and unmet needs in the standard-of-care management of patients with COPD.