Richard Dekhuijzen and/or his department have received research grants, unrestricted educational grants, and/or fees for lectures and advisory board meetings from Almirall, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi, GlaxoSmithKline, Mundipharma, Novartis, Takeda, Teva Pharmaceuticals, and Zambon. Gary Wong has received research grants from the European Commission, National Natural Science Federation of China, and both the Research Grants Council and Health and Medical Research Fund of Hong Kong. He is also on the advisory board for, and has received industrial grants and travel grants from MSD, GlaxoSmithKline, Pfizer, Takeda, Danone, Nestlé, Mundipharma, AstraZeneca, and Roche. J. Christian Virchow has lectured for and received honoraria from Allergopharma, ALK, Asche-Chiesi, AstraZeneca, Avontec, Bayer, Bencard, Berlin-Chemie, Bionorica, Boehringer Ingelheim, Essex/ScheringPlough, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen-Cilag, Kyorin, Leti, MEDA, Merck/MSD, Mundipharma, Novartis, Nycomed/ Altana, Pfizer, Revotar, Sandoz-Hexal, Stallergens, Takeda, Teva Pharmaceuticals, UCB/Schwarz-Pharma, and Zydus/Cadila. He has participated in advisory boards for ALK, Asche-Chiesi, Avontec, Berlin-Chemie, Boehringer Ingelheim, Essex/Schering-Plough, GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen-Cilag, MSD/Merck, Mundipharma, Novartis, Revotar, Sandoz-Hexal, UCB/Schwarz-Pharma, and Takeda. He has received grants from Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Land Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, GlaxoSmithKline, and MSD. Henry Chrystyn has no shares in any pharmaceutical companies. He has received sponsorship, consultancy agreements, and honoraria for presentations from several pharmaceutical companies that market inhaled products, including Almirall, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi, GlaxoSmithKline, Innovata Biomed, Meda, Mundipharma, Napp Pharmaceuticals, NorPharma, Orion, Sanofi, Teva Pharmaceuticals, Truddell Medical International, UCB, and Zentiva. He has also received research sponsorship from the grant-awarding bodies Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and Medical Research Council.