Although urolithiasis is considered as a rare entity in children, it is an important health problem in the world, especially in endemic areas. When the long lifespan expectation for children is considered, minimally invasive surgical procedures such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) have become important recently. Despite the amount of PNL procedures that have taken place in the literature and guidelines, with enormous clinical knowledge, there are inadequate quantitative data concerning the impact of this procedure and radiation on growing kidneys and children. Within this review, we aim to identify the effects and side-effects of PNL on children, and to present the importance, and difficulties, as well as some tricks of the procedure.
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