Recent Advances in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy - European Medical Journal

Recent Advances in Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

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*Erem Kaan Basok,1 Serhat Donmezer,2 Ali Erol3

No potential conflict of interest.

EMJ Urol. ;1[1]:83-89. DOI/10.33590/emjurol/10314048.
PCNL, imaging, access, microperc, robotic, augmented reality, navigation, and tracking.

Each article is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 License.


The continuous innovations in technology, instrumentations, and techniques allow urologists to perform percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) with increasing efficacy. Although recent advances have facilitated the procedure, some steps are still challenging. A thorough review of the recent urologic literature was performed to identify these improvements in PCNL technique. The newer developments mainly focused on multimodal imaging techniques, miniaturisation of instruments, tracking and navigation systems during access to the stone, and robotic systems. Further studies are necessary to better define the benefits of these new fruitful developments which remain an active research field.

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