Lower Pole Calyceal Stone and Lithotripsy are Issues with Clearance Fact or Reality? - European Medical Journal
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Lower Pole Calyceal Stone and Lithotripsy are Issues with Clearance Fact or Reality?

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Authors:
M. Hammad Ather
Disclosure:

No potential conflict of interest

Citation
EMJ - Urology. ;1:100-103.

Each article is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 License.

Abstract

The lower pole calyceal (LPC) stone continues to be an enigma. The complex anatomy of the lower pole collecting system, along with other factors like acute pelvi calyceal angle and narrow and long infundibulum, are some of the complicating factors affecting stone clearance. There have been many studies assessing the impact of collecting system anatomy and most conclude that the complex anatomy of the lower pole collecting system does impact the overall stone-free rate.

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