Minimally invasive surgery has gained a dominant status in prostate cancer surgery during the last decade. The benefits of minimally invasive prostatectomy were demonstrated by pioneers of conventional laparoscopic prostatectomy, however, the real domination of laparoscopy in radical prostatectomy (RP) started after the dissemination of robotic surgery. Robot-assisted surgery still remains the most widespread method to perform minimally invasive RP, although the recent evolution of laparoscopic technology and instruments has evoked interest in conventional laparoscopy again. The recent developments in the technique of RP are focused on decreasing invasiveness and complications. The recent methods to improve postoperative functional outcome of RP can be utilised without compromising the oncological results.
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